How to list all docker container

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This article is for showing how to list docker container. The main purpose is to show all available docker container in the operating system. It can be a running container or a container which in not running at all. The following are the steps to achieve it :

1. Obviously, the most important thing is having an installation of the docker tool in the operating system. For the information on installing docker, read the following article with the title of ‘How to Install Docker in Linux Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver’ in this link.

2. Make sure that the execution of the docker tool is a success. Type the command ‘docker’ in the command line as follows :

user@hostname:~$ docker

Usage:  docker [OPTIONS] COMMAND

A self-sufficient runtime for containers

Options:
      --config string      Location of client config files (default "/home/user/.docker")
  -D, --debug              Enable debug mode
  -H, --host list          Daemon socket(s) to connect to
  -l, --log-level string   Set the logging level ("debug"|"info"|"warn"|"error"|"fatal") (default "info")
      --tls                Use TLS; implied by --tlsverify
      --tlscacert string   Trust certs signed only by this CA (default "/home/user/.docker/ca.pem")
      --tlscert string     Path to TLS certificate file (default "/home/user/.docker/cert.pem")
      --tlskey string      Path to TLS key file (default "/home/user/.docker/key.pem")
      --tlsverify          Use TLS and verify the remote
  -v, --version            Print version information and quit

Management Commands:
  builder     Manage builds
  config      Manage Docker configs
  container   Manage containers
  engine      Manage the docker engine
  image       Manage images
  network     Manage networks
  node        Manage Swarm nodes
  plugin      Manage plugins
  secret      Manage Docker secrets
  service     Manage services
  stack       Manage Docker stacks
  swarm       Manage Swarm
  system      Manage Docker
  trust       Manage trust on Docker images
  volume      Manage volumes

Commands:
  attach      Attach local standard input, output, and error streams to a running container
  build       Build an image from a Dockerfile
  commit      Create a new image from a container's changes
  cp          Copy files/folders between a container and the local filesystem
  create      Create a new container
  deploy      Deploy a new stack or update an existing stack
  diff        Inspect changes to files or directories on a container's filesystem
  events      Get real time events from the server
  exec        Run a command in a running container
  export      Export a container's filesystem as a tar archive
  history     Show the history of an image
  images      List images
  import      Import the contents from a tarball to create a filesystem image
  info        Display system-wide information
  inspect     Return low-level information on Docker objects
  kill        Kill one or more running containers
  load        Load an image from a tar archive or STDIN
  login       Log in to a Docker registry
  logout      Log out from a Docker registry
  logs        Fetch the logs of a container
  pause       Pause all processes within one or more containers
  port        List port mappings or a specific mapping for the container
  ps          List containers
  pull        Pull an image or a repository from a registry
  push        Push an image or a repository to a registry
  rename      Rename a container
  restart     Restart one or more containers
  rm          Remove one or more containers
  rmi         Remove one or more images
  run         Run a command in a new container
  save        Save one or more images to a tar archive (streamed to STDOUT by default)
  search      Search the Docker Hub for images
  start       Start one or more stopped containers
  stats       Display a live stream of container(s) resource usage statistics
  stop        Stop one or more running containers
  tag         Create a tag TARGET_IMAGE that refers to SOURCE_IMAGE
  top         Display the running processes of a container
  unpause     Unpause all processes within one or more containers
  update      Update configuration of one or more containers
  version     Show the Docker version information
  wait        Block until one or more containers stop, then print their exit codes

Run 'docker COMMAND --help' for more information on a command.
user@hostname:~$

It can be run as a normal user or as a root or super user account of the operating system.

3. Last but not least, type the ‘docker’ command with the additional parameter for listing all the available container as follows :

docker ps -a

The execution of the above command will have the following output and don’t forget o run it as ‘root’ or super admin account. If it is running as a normal account it will generate an error as exist in an article in the following link. It is an article with the title of ‘How to solve error message Got permission denied while trying to connect to the Docker daemon socket’.  The following is the output of the ‘docker ps -a’ command running as a ‘root’ or super user account :

root@hostname:~# docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                    PORTS               NAMES
0b4fc76de6c2        app                 "php index.php"          2 days ago          Exited (0) 2 days ago                         test
cd9384edb3d3        app                 "php index.php"          2 days ago          Exited (0) 2 days ago                         app
78a60b523b4d        24d1a55b737d        "/bin/sh -c 'apt-get…"   3 days ago          Exited (100) 3 days ago                       xxxxxxx_xxxxxx

root@hostname:~# 

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